COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPIES (CBT)
Cognitive behavioral therapies address the relationships among patients' thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. In particular, the CBT approach suggests changing either thoughts or behaviors to change emotions. Behavioral activation, a CBT technique, suggests that patients who behave counter to their emotions would start to feel different emotions. For example, a depressed patient could start going for regular walks, a behavior that is shown to increase positive emotions and decrease depressive symptoms. Another approach would be to identify how negative thoughts influence emotions. For example, a patient may have the thought, "I'm stupid," in response to failing a test. The thought makes the patient feel sad and depressed. The therapist would address that negative automatic thought by helping the patient challenge the thought and develop a new, alternative thought that would be related to a more positive emotion. There are abundant resources to help with a CBT approach. A few are listed below.
- A Therapist's Guide to Brief Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Published by the Department of Veterans Affairs, South Central Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center (MIRECC). Jeffrey A. Cully PhD & Andra L. Teten, PhD
- Beck Institute for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
- Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapy (ABCT), Resources for professionals and students
- CBT Downloadable PDFs, Published by Specialty Behavioral Health of San Diego, California
- Basco, M.R., & Rush, A.J. (2005). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Bipolar Disorder (2nd ed.). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
- Beck, J. S. (1995). Cognitive therapy: Basics and beyond. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
- Bernstein, D. A., Borkovec, T. D., & Hazlett-Stevens, H. (2000). New directions in progressive relaxation training: A guidebook for helping professionals. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.
- Kuyken, W., Padesky, C. A., & Dudley, R. (2009). Collaborative case conceptualization: Working effectively with clients in cognitive behavioral therapy. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
- Otis, J. D. (2007). Managing chronic pain: A cognitive-behavioral therapy approach. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
- Persons, J. P. (1989). Cognitive therapy in practice: A case formulation approach. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Co.